Posts Tagged “photography”
Reminder: the bonus point opportunity (posted on October 16) is due Monday, November 10.
Today’s class focused on dada and how it influenced art in terms of imagery, attitude, and technique. We keyed in on several artists who were directly involved in the movement and produced work that still has a lasting influence on the art world.
We looked at Marcel Duchamp who, through image, text, and ideas, developed a new type of artistic literacy. Not the least of which is the readymade.
Marcel Duchamp "L.H.O.O.Q." 1919
We discussed Man Ray who worked as painter, sculptor, photographer, and filmmaker. He manipulated objects of the commonplace that transformed their meanings and developed many photographic techniques still in use today such as the photogram and solarization.
Man Ray, "Gift" 1921
And Kurt Schwitters, who created his art out of what society threw away. Taking the concept developed by synthetic cubism to an extreme.
Kurt Schwitters "Picture with Light Center" 1919
Next class we will discuss the influences that dada had on the art world and other artists as well as begin our discussion on another major influence on the history of art: surrealism.
- Chapter 13: From Fantasy to Dada and the New Objectivity
Today we reviewed the last three weeks of the semester.
The second quiz will be on Wednesday, October 29.
Today we closed our discussion on cubism by viewing and discussing another form known as synthetic cubism.
Synthetic cubism was a formal experiment that was an outgrowth of analytical cubism that began with the inclusion of papier collé (stuck or pasted paper) into drawings and paintings as seen in this work by Braque.
Georges Braque, "Fruit Dish and Glass" 1912
Picasso took this a few steps further by including elements from the “real” world into his works creating what we call collage.
Pablo Picasso, "Still Life with Chair Caning" 1912
The overall effect produced is one of flatness through the inclusion of text, newspaper clippings, and other non-traditional art materials that is integrated with drawing and painting to produce what we might call mixed media. This is significant as it signals the new fact that art could be constructed out of anything and is a complete break from creating an illusion of physical reality.
We then moved on to discussing some of the outgrowths of cubism by viewing works by Juan Gris and Fernand Leger. We also looked at orphism and the work of Robert Delaunay and Frantisek Kupka.
We closed the lecture with a look at the various ways photography captured motion, showing us the world in ways that could never be seen by the human eye alone. We looked at some of the photography of Eadweard Muybridge and Étienne-Jules Marey.
Eadweard Muybridge, "Galloping Horse (animated)"
We ended the lecture with Marcel Duchamp’s (in)famous work Nude Descending A Staircase.
Next class we will look at the influence of motion on cubism and the movement known as futurism.
- Chapter 10: Cubism
- Chapter 11: Futurism, Abstraction in Russia, and de Stijl
Today’s lecture was a review of the “isms” and styles covered during the past four weeks: realism, impressionism, post-impressionism, symbolism, art nouveau, expressionism, and fauvism. Additionally, the importance and impact of the new medium of photography was integrated into the review. All styles that comprise what we call modernism.
The review also focused on how to write for the assessment using basic techniques to focus on what is important in answering questions about specific works, styles. and comparison/contrasts of diverse styles and works.
The first exam will be Wednesday, October 1.
This lecture wrapped up impressionism with the work of Degas and discussing how his work illustrated new approaches to composition influenced by the photographic image.
Edgar Degas, "The Tub" 1886
We then briefly looked at some of the artistic trends in 19th-century America (and how they differed from what was going on in European art) by discussing the work of William Harnett, the Hudson River School, Winslow Homer, Thomas Eakins , and Henry Ossawa Tanner.
Thomas Cole, "The Oxbow" 1836
Then we began our discussion of the four main artists who make up what is called post-impressionism by looking first at the work of Georges Seurat and his work that combines the influence of impressionism with a more scientific approach of how color is seen by the human eye.
Georges Seurat, "La Grande Jatte" 1884-6
Next lecture we will continue our discussions of the post-impressionists.
- Chapter 2: Realism; Impressionism; and Early Photography
- Chapter 3: Post-impressionism
Lecture 03 began (as all lectures will do) with a quick review of the previous class lecture. Then we took a whirlwind tour of some of the prominent artists of the mid- to late-19th century and the major styles of realism and impressionism.
We looked at and discussed Courbet’s Burial at Ornans that we previously viewed in the very first lecture and how it illustrated the style of realism.
The discussion then led us into the romantic concept of the artist as the rebel who flouts the rules and conventions creating controversial uproars in the art world. Here we focused on two of the most controversial works of Manet, especially his work Luncheon on the Grass.
Eduoard Manet, "Luncheon on the Grass" 1863
We then moved on to impressionism specifically the work of Monet and his objective approach to capturing light.
Claude Monet, "The Bridge at Argenteuil" 1874
Important throughout this lecture is in how artists are increasingly concerned with the formal elements of art such as composition (highly influenced by the photographic image) and allowing the materials used in their creation more visibility. Many artists are beginning to embrace the concept that they are working (at least with painting) on a two-dimensional surface with paint and canvas. This is significant to the birth of modernism.
Next lecture will delve further into the work of the impressionists, the continuing influences of photography, Degas, and 19th century art in America.
- Chapter 2: Realism; Impressionism; and Early Photography